A refusal to conform, is misinformation affecting the way we design?

Taking into consideration the era of misinformation and its impact on democracy, I decided to replicate a workshop on how to tackle misinformation and how UX design can help to prevent fake news.
I have been taking a small dosage of social media recently, especially Facebook after Brazilian election because phone numbers were collected from Facebook public accounts and used on WhatsApp for mass distribution of fake news.

Since then, I have started thinking about the principles of Calm design and how to amplify the good examples of how technology is being used in social media and apps interaction like the use of friction. What's your take?